Just as the globe was beginning to see some easing of the chip shortage another blow has been dealt to the industry. The U.S. has enacted trade restrictions aimed to stifle China’s capabilities of creating and manufacturing leading edge semiconductors. This is certain to cause ripple effects throughout the electronic components supply chain at a time when the industry was hoping for some stabilization. It also sends yet another bold statement to China that the U.S. is firmly opposed to their military positioning in the region. The White House has enacted these measures just after securing the Chips Act, designed to bolster production amidst a devastating shortage. These new actions will surely slow overall worldwide output. The question for AERI’s manufacturer customers is; how will this affect their own supply chain?
The trade restrictions take aim at 3 areas, semiconductors created for;
- Artificial Intelligence
- Military applications
The regulations target these categories by requiring licenses for any chips with non-planar transistor architectures of 16nm or below, which at this point are considered low technology. The most advanced fabs are making them as small as 2nm. Limitations on development of these 3 target markets indirectly limits China’s innovation in many other sectors as well, since the parts utilize the same technology. For example, chips used in gaming are typically below the 16nm threshold. Without their own capabilities to move themselves beyond this trailing edge technology, China will fall well behind. Over the years China has not been able to develop this technology on their own so this will stifle their recent intentions to catch up and grab global market share.
To control these items the restrictions;
- Ban the sales of certain advanced and high-performance computing chips
- Add new licensing requirements for items in these categories. Licenses will not be granted to Chinese owned companies manufacturing products for domestic use.
- Added certain semiconductor manufacturing equipment and related items to the Commerce Control List. Companies like Lam Research and ASML will not longer be able to sell Chinese manufacturers the extreme ultraviolet lithography machines needed to make chips smaller than the 7 nanometer generation or sell them parts to upgrade or repair the machines they already have in use.
- Restricts the ability of U.S. persons to support the development or production of ICs at certain Chinese located semiconductor fabrication facilities without a license. Many of the brightest engineers currently embedded in the Chinese semiconductor industry are Americans of Chinese descent that received their education in the U.S. They will face losing their U.S citizenship if they do not comply with the new regulations.
China currently accounts for 9% of global semiconductor sales. If their future growth is stunted and they have to cut production due to the lack of talented personnel and supplies, we could see additional shortages. Most of these trade restrictions take effect immediately so the results could be felt fairly soon.
There is also the possibility of a Chinese retaliation against The West. If China were to attempt to make production difficult for the U.S. and partnering countries, we could see major supply chain issues. China produces many critical components that support production around the globe. One little part made in China, which keeps semiconductor machines running, could stop an entire production line. Recent events have shown us that the supply chain is so interconnected and fragile.
We at AERI hope that the supply chain continues to normalize, but we are here when you need us for your most difficult to locate components. Reach out to one of our Search Experts and we will help you to keep your production lines moving.
Robb Hammond is the President of AERI and the former chair of the Aerospace Industry’s Counterfeit Electronic Components Mitigation Standard for independent distributors, AS6081, which has become one of the industry’s most respected documents, as well as being adopted by the Department of Defense. Robb is one of the foremost thought leaders in the industry on counterfeit detection and speaks regularly at conferences around the globe.